The CIA's al Qaeda would appear to be trying to grab the wealth in Mali.
Mali has gold and uranium.
About half of Mali's population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
On 22 March, 2012, a group of junior soldiers, led by the US trained Captain Amadou Haya Sanogo, seized power in Mali's capital in the south of Mali.
Then, on 6 April, 2012, in the northern part of Mali, the CIA's al-Qaeda began to take over.
Tuareg rebels called the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) declared the northern part of Mali had separated from Mali and become a new state, called Azawad.
The MNLA were helped by the CIA's al-Qaeda Islamists.
Three of the four leaders of Al-Qaeda’s North Africa branch, known as Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (Aqim) have been in Timbuktu.
Al-Qaeda dominates north Mali, desecrates Timbuktu tomb
They have captured key northern towns and cities, including Timbuktu.
Mali now has a CIA-al-Qaeda-controlled north and junta-controlled south.
Mali is part of the region called the Sahel.
In the Sahel, millions are close to starvation.
The good news for the US military-industrial complex is that the Sahel could be the new Afghanistan.
Patrick Seale writes of the Sahel: "A band of territory immediately south of the waterless Sahara, it has become a lawless haven for smugglers, kidnappers, armed Islamist groups and hungry nomadic tribesmen."
The Challenge from the Sahel
After the fall of Gadaffi, tens of thousands of men from the Sahel, who had been in Libya, returned with weapons.
Patrick Seale writes: "The real fear, however, is not so much of the Tuaregs as of armed Islamist groups operating in the same northern region. Of these the most alarming is AQIM (Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb) which, under its three ‘emirs’, Mokhtar Belmokhtar, Abu Zayd and Yahya Abu al-Hammam, has recruited fighters from Algeria, Mauretania, Libya, Tunisia and Nigeria. Afrique Asie, a well-informed monthly, reported that AQIM’s hostage-taking has yielded $183m in ransom money!
"Another radical group is Ansar al-Din, which, under its Tuareg chief Iyad ag Ghali, was set on establishing an Islamic state in Mali and indeed an Islamist caliphate across the whole Sahel. It has already captured the northern Mali towns of Kidal, Timbuktu and Gao.
"A third more shadowy group is the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa, which has claimed responsibility for a suicide attack on 3 March against a police post in Tamenrasset in southern Algeria, and for the kidnapping of the Algerian Consul at Gao in Mali on 5 April."